The rapid rise of targeted drugs and biologics in oncology has led to the creation of a variation to the typical trial design that can include multiple expansion cohorts. A multiple expansion cohort trial allows sponsors who spot positive responses to an investigational drug during early stages of testing to expand the trial using additional single-arm studies; these designs can cut the typical development times for conventional trials in half. (Applied Clinical Trials)
The new year will bring more data than the last 500 decades, information that will be used to improve clinical trial design and shorten drug development timelines, say industry experts. (outsourcing-pharma.com)
Ella Balasa blog. Ms. Balasa is ineligible for clinical trials for treatment of symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF) because most CF studies require participants to have a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of at least 40 percent, and hers is 25 percent. She suggests that FEV1 is an insufficient proxy for identifying “healthy” candidates for CF trials, and that current inclusion and exclusion practices be adjusted. (STAT)
1. In a typical drug trial, the manufacturer sends identical pills to patients, to be swallowed. In personalized therapies, patients’ blood samples may be collected, then re-engineered to fight cancer and sent back to the patients. 2. Clinical trials typically start recruiting patients at age 18, but there is a movement to bring young patients into trials. 3. As we pursue cures for rare cancers, studies are getting smaller… (POLITICO)
Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can enhance drug development, but the integration of PRO measures as end points in phase 3 clinical trials has been slow. The FDA held a two-day workshop to gather input on a series of drug development documents they are developing to provide guidance to stakeholders on collecting information on patient experiences to inform product development. (ajmc.com)
Health care startups are attracting billions of dollars in risk capital, but most do not pursue the validation of a randomized clinical trial. Reflexion, a digital heal care startup, conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial of their product. They concluded that this method is not suited for the typical digital health startup, and propose that we streamline and accelerate the process for collecting proof of value for digital health startups. (statnews.com)
A special session at a recent TCT (Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics) meeting addressed the question of how to design clinical trials in interventional cardiovascular medicine in an era where new therapies offer incremental gains. The pitfalls of using composite endpoints in studies were discussed in the context of the ISCHEMIA trial, which added additional “soft” endpoints late in the design phase. The program session also discussed the feasibility of sham-controlled trials for medical devices. (tctMD)
Progression-free survival is increasingly being used as a primary end point in new oncology drug trials. However, a new analysis questions whether interventions which prolong progression-free survival in cancer patients actually improve their quality of life. To ensure that patients are obtaining important benefit from cancer therapies, we should measure health-related quality of life directly.